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Quality of muon beams

A new technique has taken the first images of muon particle beams. Scientists plan to use it to assess the quality of these beams, which are being used more and more in advanced imaging applications.

Childhood diet has lifelong impact

Eating too much fat and sugar as a child can alter your microbiome for life, even if you later learn to eat healthier, a new study in mice suggests.

Brain-related visual problems may affect one in 30 primary school children

A brain-related visual impairment, which until recently was thought to be rare, may affect one in every 30 children according to new research investigating the prevalence of Cerebral Visual Impairment [CVI]. The findings aim to raise awareness of CVI among pa

On the dot: Novel quantum sensor provides new approach to early diagnosis via imaging

A phenomenon called 'oxidative stress' is seen in affected organs during the early stages of certain difficult-to-treat diseases like cancer and kidney dysfunction. Detecting oxidative stress could thus enable early diagnosis and preventive treatments. But, t

New stem cell therapy in dogs -- a breakthrough in veterinary medicine

Scientists have developed a novel method to induce stem cell generation from the blood samples of dogs. Through this technique, the scientists hope to advance regenerative therapies in veterinary medicine. This would mean that, in the near future, veterinaria

Load-reducing backpack powers electronics by harvesting energy from walking

Hikers, soldiers and school children all know the burden of a heavy backpack. But now, researchers have developed a prototype that not only makes loads feel about 20% lighter, but also harvests energy from human movements to power small electronics. The new b

Remyelinating drug could improve vision in patients with multiple sclerosis

Biomedical scientists reports a drug -- an estrogen receptor ligand called indazole chloride (IndCl) -- has the potential to improve vision in patients with multiple sclerosis, or MS. The study was performed on mice induced with a model of MS and the first t

Explaining differences between the viruses that cause COVID-19 and SARS

Researchers have identified key variants that help explain the differences between the viruses that cause COVID-19 and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

Scientists advocate breaking laws - of geography and ecology

All that's local is a lot more global, and scientists say solutions can only be found through broader views and collaborations nearby and far away.

Injection to treat skin cancer developed

Yale researchers are developing a skin cancer treatment that involves injecting nanoparticles into the tumor, killing cancer cells with a two-pronged approach, as a potential alternative to surgery.

Arctic shrubs add new piece to ecological puzzle

A 15-year experiment on Arctic shrubs in Greenland lends new understanding to an enduring ecological puzzle: How do species with similar needs and life histories occur together at large scales while excluding each other at small scales? Its findings also reve

Sea level will rise faster than previously thought

There are two main elements to observe when assessing sea level rise. One is the loss of the ice on land and the other is that the sea will expand as it gets warmer. Researchers have constructed a new method of quantifying just how fast the sea will react to

COVID-19 lockdowns temporarily raised global temperatures, research shows

The lockdowns and reduced societal activity related to the COVID-19 pandemic affected emissions of pollutants in ways that slightly warmed the planet for several months last year, according to new research. The counterintuitive finding highlights the influenc

Sub-surface imaging technology can expose counterfeit travel documents

New research has found that optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging technology can be utilized to distinguish between legitimate and counterfeit travel documents.

When hyperactive proteins trigger illnesses

Autoimmune diseases, in which the body's own immune system attacks healthy tissue, can be life-threatening and can impact all organs. A research team has now found a possible cause for these self-destructive immune system attacks: a hyperactive RANK protein o

Beyond qubits: Next big step to scale up quantum computing

Researchers have invented a device that operates at 40 times colder than deep space to directly control thousands of qubits, the building blocks of quantum computers.

Highly deformable piezoelectric nanotruss for tactile electronics

A research team confirmed the potential of tactile devices by developing ceramic piezoelectric materials that are three times more deformable. For the fabrication of highly deformable nanomaterials, the research team built a zinc oxide hollow nanostructure us

New discovery for how the brain 'tangles' in Alzheimer's Disease

Researchers have discovered a new 'seeding' process in brain cells that could be a cause of dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

Finding rare birds is never a picnic, contrary to popular Patagonia belief

One of birdwatching's most commonly held and colorfully named beliefs, the Patagonia Picnic Table Effect, is more a fun myth than a true phenomenon, research suggests.

Team develops portable device that creates 3D images of skin in 10 minutes

A team has developed a portable device that produces high-resolution 3D images of human skin within 10 minutes.

Immense hydrocarbon cycle discovered in world's ocean

Hydrocarbons and petroleum are almost synonymous in environmental science. After all, oil reserves account for nearly all the hydrocarbons we encounter. But the few hydrocarbons that trace their origin to biological sources may play a larger ecological role t

Desktop PCs run simulations of mammals' brains

Academics have established a method of turbocharging desktop PCs to give them the same capability as supercomputers worth tens of millions of pounds.

Not too big, not too small: Goldilocks analogy found in maze navigation

Research has taken a close look at how fluids navigate around mazes and obstacles and has found a surprising randomness in how they choose their path.

Surgery to heal inflamed gut may create new target for disease

A surgical procedure meant to counter ulcerative colitis, an immune disease affecting the colon, may trigger a second immune system attack, a new study shows.

Specific bacteria in the gut prompt mother mice to neglect their pups

As scientists learn more about the microorganisms that colonize the body -- collectively called the microbiota -- one area of intense interest is the effect that these microbes can have on the brain. A new study has identified a strain of E. coli bacteria tha

Survival tip: Start at normal weight and slowly add pounds

People who start adulthood with a body mass index (BMI) in the normal range and move later in life to being overweight - but never obese - tend to live the longest, a new study suggests. Adults in this category lived longer than even those whose BMI stayed i

Tiny 3D structures enhance solar cell efficiency

A new method for constructing special solar cells could significantly increase their efficiency. Not only are the cells made up of thin layers, they also consist of specifically arranged nanoblocks.

As climate warms, summer monsoons to produce less streamflow

A new study points to both the importance of monsoon rains in maintaining the Upper Colorado River's water supply and the diminishing ability of monsoons to replenish summer streamflow in a warmer future with less snow accumulation.

Marine organisms use previously undiscovered receptors to detect, respond to light

Single-celled organisms in the open ocean use a diverse array of newly discovered genetic tools to detect light, even in tiny amounts, and respond.

Potential therapeutic targets to inhibit colorectal cancer progression

Researchers have revealed that colorectal cancer tissues contain at least two types of fibroblasts, namely, cancer-promoting fibroblasts and cancer-restraining fibroblasts, and that the balance between them is largely involved in the progression of colorecta

Reindeer lichens are having more sex than expected

Scientists thought that reindeer lichens (moss-looking organisms that form a major part of reindeer diets) reproduced mainly asexually by cloning themselves. But it turns out, reindeer lichens are having a lot more sex than scientists expected. In a new study

Lactobacillus manipulates bile acids to create favorable gut environment

Probiotic Lactobacillus bacteria use enzymes situationally to manipulate bile acids and promote their own survival in the gut.

Use of pronouns may show signs of an impending breakup

Evidence of an impending breakup may exist in the small words used in everyday conversations months before either partner realizes where their relationship is heading, according to new psychology research.

Mysterious magnetic fossils offer past climate clues

There are fossils, found in ancient marine sediments and made up of no more than a few magnetic nanoparticles, that can tell us a whole lot about the climate of the past, especially episodes of abrupt global warming. Now, researchers have found a way to glea

When rhinos fly: Upside down the right way for transport

When it comes to saving endangered species of a certain size, conservationists often have to think outside the box.

Detecting fake news designed to manipulate stock markets

Social media is increasingly used to spread fake news. The same problem can be found on the capital market - criminals spread fake news about companies in order to manipulate share prices. Researchers have developed an approach that can recognize such fake ne

Searching for dark matter through the fifth dimension

Theoretical physicists are working on a theory that goes beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. The central element is an extra dimension in spacetime. Until now, the scientists have faced the problem that the predictions of their theory could not be

A full-scale prototype for muon tomography

Researchers build on previous studies into detection technologies and reconstruction algorithms for muon tomography, to develop a full-scale muon tomograph prototype.

Wonder fungi in goat's gut

From biofuels and other commodity chemicals to methane production, genomic study peers into the mysteries of a goat's gut.
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